The purchase price of an electric vehicle can be higher than that of its gasoline-powered counterpart. However, it is a proven truth that they require very little money and work to maintain an Electric Car. While they transmit the EV meeting strain will bring layoffs of many ancillary component providers and plant workers, the benefit is that the consumer’s enjoyment of vehicle possession can be greatly improved.
There is no need to change engine oil. In fact, there is no engine, which reduces the total number of moving parts on an electric car to about 20, as opposed to 2000 or more on an internal combustion engine. There are no belts or chains to replace, transmission fluid to refill, clogged valves, or a burnt clutch plate to deal with. Also, there is no need to service the gearbox.
As a result, maintain an electric car would be cheaper than an ICE-powered car or fuel car.
How Do I Maintain My Electric Car? Electric Car Maintenance guide
Electric Car Battery Maintenance
Since the li-ion battery is the most important component of an electric vehicle, all maintenance efforts, no matter how small, must begin there.
Batteries have a limited lifespan which can be extended through proper management and regular charging. It’s really well worth noting that standard lithium-ion batteries have a long guarantee period. On the other hand, the batteries lasted an average of 160000 km before needing to be replaced. Contrary to popular belief, car batteries are more resistant to damage than the lithium-ion batteries that power our phones. This is because your car’s battery is included through special battery control structures Designed by Electric Vehicle manufacturers.
However, each battery may only be subject to a certain number of charging cycles, which must be specified by the manufacturer. For example, Tesla offers an 8-year warranty on the Model 3’s battery life. For instance, the Tata Nexon EV comes with a guarantee of 8 years, 1.6 lakh km, however, the employer has not provided any data on the charging cycle limit.
Ronny Wechselberger, a motorsport racer and automotive stunt performer who recently acquired a Tesla Model 3, believes that if the battery level hits 10%, an EV should never be left at uncharged Condition.
This is crucial not only because you might return to the car with little battery charge (especially in cold areas), but also because a lithium-ion battery left uncharged with little to no power might be destroyed. Similarly, it is recommended not to charge it all the way up to 100% (certainly not when connected to a Fast Charger).
How to Maintain Electric Car’s Battery to last longer
To preserve the health and lifetime of a lithium-ion battery, charge it to 90% capacity and then disconnect it immediately. Batteries can also lose charge when exposed to extremely low temperatures, so if feasible, store your automobile in a moderately temperate location.
In addition, in line with Wechselberger, continual speedy charging might be risky to the battery’s health withinside the prolonged-term, therefore it’s miles essential to charge it nicely at home the usage of an A/C charger.
The reality that the longer you own an electric automobile, the shorter its range will get is unavoidable. This time, however, considerably surpasses the average EV’s ownership term. Replacement batteries are always a possibility, but they are never inexpensive.
Due to the weight of the batteries, which are placed horizontally on the floor of the car, EV tires are less prone to wear and tear than internal combustion automobile tires. Low tire strain can also reduce the variation of an electric-powered car by using 3%. (According to the Royal Automobile Club).
Electric Car: Brakes
The fact that EVs have regenerative braking adds to the good news. Regenerative braking uses a vehicle’s electric motor to slow it down, just as an internal combustion engine brakes.
Lastly, it helps to slow down the automobile when needed, reducing stress on the brakes and, consequently, reducing brake disc breakage and resulting in less brake dust. Regenerative braking also allows the vehicle to recycle part of its kinetic energy by recharging the battery. After estimation, there is 50% much less brake use than in an ordinary car.
Towing an Electric Car
In the unusual event of a breakdown, keep in mind that any push will not revive your EV if the battery is completely drained. In this situation, the EV needs to be towed, and it’s important to keep the drive wheels off the road and rolling.
For example, if the front axle is powered by an electric motor, make sure the rear wheels are in contact with the road. If your automobile has an electric motor on both axles, make sure it is placed on a flatbed and driven to the nearest charging station.
Will it Want Servicing over the same period as a Fossil-Gas car?
It’s a great concept to consistently get your EV serviced as soon as possible, although it won’t be as often as an internal combustion car. Braking fluid and probably windshield wipers are the main things that need to be replaced. If the service center specializes in ICE vehicles, make sure there is an EV-trained technician on staff.
How Often Should You Change the Engine Air Filter? According to Wexelberger, the air filter should be replaced after 30000 kilometers.
So, above are the keys to some of the major parts that you must maintain properly to make your electric cars last longer. I hope there will be no questions left about how do I properly maintain my electric car and which parts of the electric car need more maintenance and care.
By- Ishani Mitra