The fascinating history of creating electric vehicles in length in 2 centuries seemed to come down. But in the mid-1970s, when oil prices jumped sharply, the minds of engineers again turned to a more convenient electric car technology.
The problem of the mass use of electric vehicles was further exacerbated by the fact that a number of states in the late twentieth century significantly tightened their environmental protection legislation.
The toughest laws were passed in California – the most taxed American state, they pushed a gradual and steady increase in the use of cars that had a “zero discharge”.
True later, as a result of lobbying certain countries, the laws had to be relaxed, and most of the electric vehicles produced during this period were exploited at the expense of their expiration.
Development of American Electric Vehicles
In 1996 the first pilot of electric vehicles – EU1 from “General Motors” appeared. From 1996 to 2003, 1117 units of this brand were sold.
This efficiently shaped twin coupe had a 137-horsepower engine and could drive without recharging at 225 km, accelerating to 130 km / h.
When, instead of lead batteries, nickel-metal hydride began to use it, it helped to increase mileage up to 240 km. After that, the production of new electric vehicles did not stop.
Now such cars are almost everywhere, and it is difficult for a third party person to distinguish them from the ordinary, as they look the same way. In addition to GM, other automotive giants have started producing EV cars.
Models of hybrid Cars
The tightening of environmental legislation breathed new life not only into the production of electric vehicles but also hybrid variants, in which the best features of both classic cars with internal combustion engines and electric vehicles are optimally combined.
It was the Prius that became the best-selling hybrid car in the United States. The model began to be produced by hundreds of thousands.
General Motors was not staying in place and the company used its development for the previously produced electric vehicle “EU1”. At their base, they created a new Chevrolet Volt hybrid, which produced a Furor at the Motor Show in 2007.
This car is equipped with a 120-kilowatt electric motor and a lithium-ion battery. At the peak are able to give power of 136 kW. The car develops a top speed of 190 km / h, and at 96.5 km / h accelerates to 8.5 seconds.
After 65 kilometers, Chevrolet Volt batteries still hold up to 30% of the power. From a voltage of 110, with a full charge, it is 6-6.5 hours, and at a voltage of 220v, this will require no more than 4 hours.
This model is completed by various engines operating on mixtures of ethanol with benzene, pure ethanol, or biodiesel. The batteries can be charged with a 53 kg generator, driven by a 1-liter internal combustion engine.
The car’s fuel tank is designed for 45 liters of fuel, and together with the fully charged batteries, the car can drive up to 1000 miles. There are models where instead of an internal combustion engine installed fuel cells filled with 4 kg of compressed hydrogen.
US Tesla Motors Breakthrough
Hybrid car models are semi-hybrids, plug-in hybrids, full hybrids, and 100% electric vehicles.
The Tesla Model S was the first electric motor car, which did not require any sacrifice from the owner in the name of ecology. Tesla was successful because it followed a different principle.
American engineers led by Elon Musk did not pay attention to cars with ordinary engines. They created an original electric car, which is designed only with an electric motor.
The car has an excellent reaction to the accelerator pedal and reaches speeds of up to 100 km / h in just four seconds. At the same time, the car has a mass of two tons and a space of seven seats. They turned the shortcomings of the electric motor into merit!
The top US and Europe Electric Car Companies
Concerned about rising gasoline prices and the effect of fuels on climate, Americans are turning their attention away from cars that use clean energy. Carmakers are responding to growing consumer interest as well as calls from the administration by launching new cars that are powered by electricity.
Top Electric vehicles Dominating the US Electric Car Market – and their best Selling Electric car
The leading Three Companies selling the most electric cars in the US are Tesla, General Motors, and Nissan.
The Top electric Cars from these companies are:
- Tesla Model 3
- Model S
- Tesla Model X
- Chevrolet Volt
- Chevrolet Bolt EV
- Nissan Leaf
In the world in recent years, there has been a boom in alternative energy. In the automotive industry, demand for electric vehicles has become a natural continuation of this boom.
So, there were nearly 159,000 Electric vehicles sold in the second quarter, for a total of about 310,000 for the first half of the year—already very close to the 2020 total of about 322,000 for the entire year. (*Statistic taken from Green Car Reports).
In the US hybrid car market, a significant competitor is Honda, which has released a completely affordable model, which is considered the most affordable hybrid in the US market.
Electric Vehicle Sales by OEM – Global Market Share
|EV Companies||2020- Market Share||2021- Market Share|
America and Europe Electric Vehicle Market
The American car company General Motors has made some difficult decisions regarding its electric model Chevrolet Volt. Given the problems of this company, some analysts question the future of electric cars in the United States.
Specialists believe that the introduction of passenger transport should be used as an incentive for the development of electrical infrastructure in the country.
It is still difficult to say how long it will take for electric vehicles to become the main vehicle passing through our roads. The development of electric vehicles currently depends on how well this project will be funded.
So, by doing more research and with more incentives, we can break free from oil addiction.