you’ve made up your mind or are considering switching to an electric vehicle, you’ll need to become familiar with all the new lingo that comes with it.

While EVs aren’t really that different from combustion engine-powered vehicles, the fact that they refuel with electricity brings a lot of Benefits and new ideas to learn when it comes to “refilling,” or recharging.

Let’s take a look at some of the basic electric-vehicle battery terms you’ll see when reading about electric vehicles, their charging Technology, and EV battery replacement.

When you think of batteries, you probably think of the things you often think of on the back of a CD player or in your wristwatch. Modern lithium-ion-based electric vehicle batteries are no different; They are very big. EV battery size is measured in kWh or kilowatt-hours. But what exactly is it?

In this Article, Electric Vehicle Battery Specifications: kW and kWh difference? and India E2W Battery Capacity and Lithium-ion battery prices in India from 1kWh to 10 kWh

kW and kWh: Difference?

Understand the difference between kW and kWh.

1kWh: A kilowatt-hour is the amount of energy used by an appliance if it is left on for one hour. It is not the number of kilowatt-hours consumed every hour!

A 1kW, on the other hand, is a unit of instantaneous power. Televisions, computers, refrigerators, and electric car engines all have watt or kilowatt ratings. This is a measurement of how much electricity they use continually in order to function.

Assume you have an electric motor with a peak power output of 200 kilowatts (kW). If you operated that engine for 30 minutes, you’d use 100 kWh of energy – 200 times 0.5 (of an hour) = 100 kWh.

Read more: Lithium-ion Batteries: Fundamentals, Advancements, and Challenges

In some respects, bigger is better.

If the distance your electric car can drive on a single charge is crucial to you, as a general rule, you want an EV with a large battery. In other words, you want one with a high kWh rating so that it can power the car for the longest period.

Audi-e-Tron, which has a range of 359-484 km, is available with a 95 kWh battery pack. The Jaguar I-Pace, with a range of nearly 470 km, is equipped with a 90 kWh battery pack.

Other elements influence an EV’s range, including aerodynamics, motor efficiency, and how much power other components consume, so it’s not a perfect rule — but you get the idea.

Electric Two-Wheelers Battery Capacity in India

Electric Two-Wheeler Manufacturers in Bangalore

Electric Two-Wheeler Manufacturers- Here is the list of Electric Two-Wheeler Manufacturers in Bangalore, Electric Scooter Manufacturing Companies Bangalore

Brand ModelBattery VoltageBattery  AH
Total Energy (kWh)
ATHER450X72 V40 AH2.9 kWh
OLA ElectricS172 V35.1 AH3.97 kWh
REVOLTRV40072 V45 AH3.24 kWh
TVS IQUBE72 V62 AH4.4 kWh
BAJAJElectric CHETAK  48V60.3AH2.8 kWh
FALLON60 V22 AH1.3 kWh
AMPERE MAGNUS60 V38.25 AH2.1 kWh
HERO Electric  NYX51.2 V30 AH1.5 kWh
FLASH51.2 V30 AH1.5 kWh
PHOTON72 V26 AH1.8 kWh
 OPTIMA51.2 V30 AH1.5 kWh
KABIRAKM40072 V61 AH4.4 kWh


Lithium-ion battery prices in India from 1kWh to 10 kWh

Size in kWhPrice in India with NMC Chemistry (Simple BMS)
1 kWh17,000/-
2 kWh 25,000/-
3 kWh 42,000/-
4 kWh60,000/-
5 kWh74,000/-
8 kWh1,15,000/-
10 kWh1,50,000/


A wide variety of materials are being used in batteries for electric vehicles.

Lithium-ion batteries are used in most electric and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles; Nickel-metal-hydride is common for hybrid cars, and new materials are being introduced, such as lithium polymer and lithium iron phosphate, which are more on the horizon to challenge those commonly used.

Status of Lithium-ion batteries in India 

India lacks sufficient lithium deposits to manufacture lithium-ion batteries, and almost all-electric cars in the country rely mainly on batteries supplied from China.

Almost all-electric vehicles in the country are powered by foreign batteries, most of which are from China. According to the Union Ministry of Science and Technology, the amount of foreign exchange spent on importing lithium batteries increased between 2016 and 2019.

Read More: Lithium-ion Batteries- Cost and Manufacturing in India


  1. Ather uses a 48v battery system. Just like most other 2 wheeler manufacturers. 72v is constituted as High Voltage and special protections need to be put in place to avoid electrical accidents.

    • Dear De Veer, Ather 450s is a 14s 7p pack which is a 58.8v completely charged 48v BLDC motor is used for maximum capability Now 450 plus and 450 pro will use PMSM motor more powerful and usable.

  2. Dear Poojan, is it possible to do add on batteries from market in available two where up to 5 to 7 kw. To get batter mileage??

  3. Sir I have a Mahindra savari (trekar) 4 wheeler diseal passanger car.maximum load 20 peaple each time.i can convert it into hybrid car.if I can then which type of motor and batary I have to use.please reply

    • Yes it should be feasible.
      Usually, you need a 2kW motor at the very minimum for two wheelers.
      For, a bigger four Wheeler, it’s at least 5 kW in each wheel depending on the type of drive system you may choose.


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