Battery-powered electric vehicles (BEVs or EVs) are the new revolution in the transport domain that accounts for nearly 16 % of global emissions. It is eco-friendly and requires less maintenance and operating cost.

By the end of 2022, India had 2,700 charging stations and may require 20.5 lakhs of charging stations by 2030.

Types of Electric Vehicle Chargers 

1. Conductive Charging 2. Battery Swapping 3. Wireless Charging


Level 1

Level 1 charging is very slow. It primarily covers home charging. It uses single-phase electric energy. It is an onboard charger means a power converter unit is installed on the vehicle to convert the AC power to DC to charge the battery.

Conductive Charging

Level 2

It is the most common public EV charging. It can be a single or three-phase level. In this method, the vehicle is connected to an onboard charger which is capable of accepting energy from alternating current EVSE.

Conductive Charging

Level 3

Level 3 uses AC or DC power to charge electric vehicles. It is used by charging stations. Level 3 charging is the fastest type of charging available and can recharge an EV at a rate of 3 to 20 miles of range per minute.

Conductive Charging

Battery Swapping

In this, a discharged battery is exchanged with a charged battery at a battery-swappable station, and the charge(money) is paid by the customer. 

Wireless Charging

This method is still in the research & development stage. In this method, the electric vehicle battery is charged without the use of a charging chord just by parking (placing) the vehicle at a predetermined location.