Vehicle production, The well-to-wheel emissions for the fuel, Vehicle maintenance and, End-of-life recycling of the vehicle
The main reason for moving toward electric vehicles is that they have no tailpipe emissions and are more efficient than combustion engine cars.
However, if the electricity itself is generated from non-emitting sources such as wind, hydro or nuclear, the net life cycle emissions of the electric vehicle are further reduced, and well tank emissions to zero.
Wind power is typically generated today using onshore or offshore wind farms that are located far away from charging electric vehicles.
Solar power can be generated close to where electric vehicles will be charged, thus reducing transmission losses.
One way to address this difference is to shape the wind and solar installation in such a way that we are guaranteed enough energy even when sunlight and wind are minimal.
When solar and wind output is high, EV charging power can be increased and vice versa. This has the dual benefit of making EVs sustainable by using more green energy and reducing stress on the grid due to large-scale renewable energy generation.