An Introduction to


What You Need to Know

Henry Cavendish, an English physicist, discovered hydrogen in 1766. He later noticed that this gas when burned, forms water, thereby ending the belief that water was an element. Antoine Lavoisier gave the name “HYDRO-GEN,” which means “the water-former,” in 1783.

Hydrogen is a gas of diatomic molecules having the formula H2. Hydrogen is colorless, odorless, tasteless, non-toxic, and highly combustible.

Stars such as the Sun are mainly composed of Hydrogen in the plasma state. Most of the Hydrogen on Earth exists in molecular forms such as water and organic compounds. It is also one of the most important and mysterious elements of the periodic table.

Hydrogen As Alternative Fuel

Hydrogen, as an alternative fuel, offers a promising solution with its clean-burning properties and potential to reduce carbon emissions, paving the way toward a sustainable and greener future.

Advantages of Hydrogen 

1. It can be produced from and converted into electricity at relatively high efficiencies. 2. It is a completely renewable fuel. 3. It can be transported over large distances through pipelines and/or via tankers. and many more.

Hydrogen In Fuel Cell Vehicles 

In the past, limited battery options for electric vehicles (EVs) led to the exploration of improved Fuel Cells as a solution. Fuel Cells combine Hydrogen and Oxygen to generate electricity, heat, and water, offering potential advancements for future EVs.

Types of Fuel Cells 

1. Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell (PEMFC) 2. Phosphoric Acid Fuel Cell (PAFC) 3. Molten Carbonate Fuel Cell (MCFC) 4. Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC) 5. Direct Methanol Fuel Cell (DMFC)

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