If you are the proud owner of an electric vehicle (EV) or planning on buying one? If so, this guide would help you understand what it takes to keep EVs in excellent working order. You’ll appreciate your cherished electric vehicle even more once you’ve mastered how to save money on maintenance.
How Expensive is EV Maintenance?
When your car’s check engine light comes on, the first thing that typically comes to mind is “how much is this going to cost me?“
Because an electric automobile has fewer components than a petrol car, it needs fewer service visits. The software is currently maintained and fixed via over-the-air updates (OTA). Over-the-air firmware upgrades will continuously enhance your Electric vehicle’s functionality while also enhancing its features – all automatically.
Electric automobiles are now more costly to obtain, but the cost of maintenance and service is cheaper than that of fuel and diesel counterparts.
What EV Parts Require Maintenance?
Electric cars are powered by electric motors (traction motors) and use electrical transmission systems. EVs can be powered by a variety of sources, including fuel cells, batteries, solar panels, electric generators, and off-vehicle sources.
Let’s take a look at what it takes to maintain power sources such as batteries and other EV components.
1. Battery, BMS, and Motor
Aging in battery-electric cars is something that many automobile owners and consumers may be concerned about. Water infiltration into the motor will cause a short circuit and the motor will burn up if it gets between the stator coils or into the terminal box. Water should never be allowed to enter a motor.
Some automobile manufacturers provide 8-year or 1,60,000km guarantees on their drivetrain components. It will be IP67-rated waterproof and dustproof. This is great enough to keep you relaxed.
2. Brakes and tires
Regenerative braking is a feature of electric vehicles that are frequently used in place of the vehicle’s disc brakes. Because they are rarely used. The brake pad will have a life of above 25000km.
Over-pressure and wear are two issues that might need a tire replacement. Too high tire pressure can reduce lifetime, and electric car tires wear out faster than those on internal combustion engine (ICE) vehicles. This is because electric cars are often heavier than conventionally powered vehicles.
It is the responsibility of the automobile owner to avoid the need for a replacement due to overpressure.
3. Wiper Blades, Windshield Wipers, and Washer Fluid
EV windscreens, like those of ICE vehicles, can get cracked or chipped. They also have wiper blades which may need replacing when worn out. Washer fluid must be refilled regularly.
4. General Wear and Tear
Apart from the ones mentioned above, electric cars include numerous more components that require regular/periodic maintenance or may require occasional repairs due to wear and tear. The cabin air filter, door locks, airbags, power steering, suspension, coolant circuits, Gear oil, and other components are among them.
Do electric cars need transmission fluid?
Electric cars have considerable power flow variations and high motor speeds of up to 15,000 rotations per minute. They may necessitate the use of numerous fluids, including oil for the gear reducer, which serves as the EV’s gearbox, and oil particularly designed for the electric motor if the carmaker wants to increase cooling.
So, what’s the deal?
How Much Does EV Maintenance Costs vs ICE?
Electric drivetrains have fewer moving components than traditional cars. As a result, the annual total cost of maintaining your EV will be less than that of a conventional car. Taking care of your electric car can cost anything from half to a third of the typical cost of ICE vehicle maintenance. This is determined by the EV’s manufacture and model.
- For TATA cars: Owner’s Manual for all variants- Tata Motors Service
- For MG cars: Download MG Manual- MG Motor India
FAQs- the Answer to Your Questions
A). Brake pad & Disc, Wiper blades, Brake and cooling liquids, Gear oil or Transmission oil, Cabin filter or AC filter.
A). Simply avoid your battery completely recharged or fully drained. Instead, maintain the charge at 80 percent and over 20 percent if possible.
A). You don’t have to do anything to maintain your electric vehicle’s main motor and electric powertrain in good working order. Electric motors are now so dependable that your EV’s other components will break before the motor.
A). Your service frequency may vary depending on the vehicle, but you can anticipate undertaking maintenance every two years or so.
A). If your petrol 1.2 ltr engine service costs around 5k-8k depending on brands and model, In electric vehicles, the only mandatory part is Ac filter for every 12 months and gear oil or transmission oil at 15000km or above. Other things like brake oil, coolant are replaced if the quality is found to be bad. Fewer parts = less labor cost.
A). As mentioned in Q5, Parts and labor cost around 1500-3000 rupees max for annual maintenance. There is no major service like every ICE vehicle at certain km or months.